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Advantage Lumber

SKU: HN-Hic0404

4/4 Hickory Lumber

4/4 Hickory Lumber

Regular price $3.90 USD
Regular price Sale price $3.90 USD
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Rough Lumber vs S4S Lumber

Rough lumber and surfaced on 4 sides (S4S) lumber are two forms of wood commonly used in construction and woodworking. Here's an explanation of each and why they are used:

Rough Lumber

  • Rough lumber refers to wood that has been cut directly from a log and typically has not undergone any additional processing beyond sawing.
  • It retains its natural, rough texture and may have irregular edges, saw marks, and varying thicknesses.
  • Rough lumber can be used in woodworking projects where the rustic appearance is desired or where the wood will be further shaped and refined by the woodworker.
  • Because rough lumber is unfinished, it tends to be less expensive than surfaced lumber since it requires less processing. But keep in mind finishing lumber can be very time consuming so buying lumber in the rough is not always ideal if completing a project in a timely manner is important.

Surfaced on 4 Sides (S4S) Lumber

  • S4S lumber, on the other hand, has been processed to create a smooth, uniform surface on all four sides.
  • The S4S process typically involves planing both faces of the rough lumber to achieve a consistent smooth surface on both faces of the lumber. The lumber is then ripped on both edges to remove the rough edges. Final joinery work may still be required for edge glueing and similar projects.
  • S4S lumber is commonly used in applications where precise dimensions and a smooth finish are required, such as for furniture making, cabinetry, trim work, and other finish carpentry projects.
  • The smooth surfaces of S4S lumber make it easier to work with and provide a clean, polished appearance in finished projects. S4S lumber can speed up a project because the lumber arrives in a finished state and requires less work on site.
  • Keep in mind even with S4S lumber there will still need to be final trimming, sanding, sealing. etc. on the jobsite.

Surfacing results in a 10–15% loss of material. Therefore, please account for an extra 10–15% waste factor when ordering surfaced material.

DESCRIPTION Hickory heartwood is brown or reddish brown in color and is sold as "Red Hickory". The sapwood is light in color and sold as "White Hickory". Hickory is typically straight grained, but can be wavy or irregular. Texture is somewhat coarse.
Weight averages about 51lbs per cu. ft.

North America

OTHER NAMES Red Hickory, White Hickory, Mockernut Hickory, Pignut Hickory
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Strength varies depending on rate of growth. Excellent steam bending characteristics. High bending and crushing strength, high stiffness and very high shock resistance.
WORKING PROPERTIES Difficult to work with hand or power tools. Moderate to severe blunting effect on cutters. Pre-drilling required for nailing. Gluing can be difficult. Stains and polishes to a good finish.
DURABILITY Non-durable. Trees and logs susceptible to attack by forest longhorn beetle. Sapwood is susceptible to powder post beetles. Moderately resistant to preservative treatment.
SEASONING Dries rapidly with little tendency to warp or twist, but susceptible to shrinkage.

Sporting goods, golf club shafts, laminates for tennis racquets, bats, skis, drum sticks, striking-tool handles, hammers, picks, etc. Also used in plywood faces and veneers.

Rustic Hickory has become increasingly popular in use as "distressed" hardwood flooring.

COMMENTS Low angle (20 degrees) required for planing irregular grained wood.

Shipping Information

Please call 1.877.232.3915, e-mail or message us online. We will call you to verify your order and to make payment arrangements. We also have several other trucking companies that work with us at a 72% discount which we pass onto you. Orders can be shipped direct to your home or jobsite.  We can also hold orders at your local freight terminal for customer pickup. Small orders are shipped via UPS. We also ship to European and other foreign countries on container load basis. We ship anywhere in the world...please phone or email if you have shipping questions.
Check out our complete terms of sale for more info >

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